Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. In addition to virus infection, it can also be caused by indiscriminate use of medicines, alcohol and drugs, as well as autoimmune, metabolic and genetic diseases.

In the case of viral hepatitis, there are five types of disease-causing viruses: A, B, C, D and E. In Brazil, the most common types are A, B and C.

Hepatitis A is transmitted fecal-orally. That is, by contact with water or food contaminated by the virus.

Types B and C are transmitted by contaminated blood (syringes and shared needles, nail clippers etc.) and all types of unprotected intercourse. For that reason, they are also considered STDs. Mothers can also transmit types B and C during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.


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